xct's notes
Going places
subject は + transport で + destination に/へ + verb.
Doing something with someone
subject は + person と + object を + verb.
Ask who you do something with
だれ + と + verb + か。
Possession (e.g. my family)
私 の かぞく
Describe Family Structure
私のかぞくは family member + と + family member + と + family member です
noun は adjective です
But when you use a phrase that is made up of an adjective and a noun (e.g. amazing person) in a Japanese sentence, adjectives always come before a noun, e.g.:
まさるさんはすばらしい人です。Masaru-san is an amazing person.
affirmative + いい / よい negative − よくない / よくない


  • に - destination of the action / time particle
  • で - where the action takes place
  • は - what is being talked about / topic marker
  • が - who or what performs action / marks subject of the verb / marks existence / often used with imasu / arimasu // example: "watashi wa soba ga tabetai desu"
  • を - object particle // example: "sushi o tabemasu", also marks place of movement
  • と - 'and' / who you do something with
  • の - ownership (basically the '' 's '' of japanese)
  • へ - direction of which someone or something moves /direction that goes away from the current location
  • 来 - to come - から / starting Point / count from something to another
  • まで - ending point / counting from something to another
Last modified 1mo ago
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